UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________

FORM 10-Q
(MARK ONE)

[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2016
or
[    ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ___________ to ____________

Commission File No. 0-11676
_____________________

BEL FUSE INC.
206 Van Vorst Street
Jersey City, NJ  07302
(201) 432-0463

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

NEW JERSEY
 
22-1463699
(State of  incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes [X]
No [   ]
     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes [X]
No [   ]
     
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  [    ]
Accelerated filer [X]
Non-accelerated filer [    ]
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company [    ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes [   ]
No [X]



Title of Each Class
 
Number of Shares of Common Stock Outstanding
 as of November 1, 2016
Class A Common Stock ($0.10 par value)
 
2,174,912
Class B Common Stock ($0.10 par value)
 
9,758,652




BEL FUSE INC.
       
INDEX
       
     
Page
Part I
 
Financial Information
 
       
 
Item 1.
2
       
     
   
2
       
     
   
3
       
     
   
4
       
     
   
5
       
   
6 - 17
       
 
Item 2.
 
   
18 - 24
       
 
Item 3.
 
   
24
       
 
Item 4.
25
       
Part II
 
Other Information
 
       
 
Item 1.
25
       
 
Item 1A.
25
       
 
Item 6.
26
       
   
27

 
CAUTIONARY NOTICE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

The terms the "Company," "Bel," "we," "us," and "our" as used in this report refer to Bel Fuse Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise specified.

The Company's consolidated operating results are affected by a wide variety of factors that could materially and adversely affect revenues and profitability, including the risk factors described in Item 1A of our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. As a result of these and other factors, the Company may experience material fluctuations in future operating results on a quarterly or annual basis, which could materially and adversely affect its business, consolidated financial condition, operating results, and common stock prices.  Furthermore, this document and other documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") contain certain forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("Forward-Looking Statements") with respect to the business of the Company.  Forward-Looking Statements are necessarily subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside our control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from these statements. Forward-Looking Statements can be identified by such words as "anticipates," "believes," "plan," "assumes," "could," "should," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "potential," "seek," "predict," "may," "will" and similar references to future periods.  All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this report regarding our strategies, prospects, financial condition, operations, costs, plans and objectives are Forward-Looking Statements.  These Forward-Looking Statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, including those detailed in Item 1A of our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K, which could cause actual results to differ materially from these Forward-Looking Statements.  The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions to these Forward-Looking Statements which may be necessary to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.  Any Forward-Looking Statement made by the Company is based only on information currently available to us and speaks only as of the date on which it is made.


 

PART I.  Financial Information

Item 1.  Financial Statements (Unaudited)

BEL FUSE INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
           
  
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
ASSETS
       
(Revised)
 
Current Assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
67,015
   
$
85,040
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,847
               
  in 2016 and $1,747 in 2015
   
84,185
     
86,268
 
Inventories
   
96,344
     
98,510
 
Other current assets
   
11,334
     
10,653
 
    Total current assets
   
258,878
     
280,471
 
 
               
Property, plant and equipment, net
   
52,073
     
57,611
 
Intangible assets, net
   
77,318
     
87,827
 
Goodwill
   
19,167
     
121,634
 
Deferred income taxes
   
4,988
     
3,438
 
Other assets
   
27,199
     
27,524
 
    Total assets
 
$
439,623
   
$
578,505
 
 
               
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current Liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
46,388
   
$
49,798
 
Accrued expenses
   
34,654
     
38,323
 
Current portion of long-term debt
   
10,453
     
24,772
 
Other current liabilities
   
6,609
     
8,959
 
    Total current liabilities
   
98,104
     
121,852
 
 
               
Long-term Liabilities:
               
Long-term debt
   
136,267
     
158,776
 
Liability for uncertain tax positions
   
25,449
     
40,295
 
Minimum pension obligation and unfunded pension liability
   
16,010
     
15,576
 
Deferred income taxes
   
1,475
     
8,310
 
Other liabilities
   
322
     
574
 
    Total liabilities
   
277,627
     
345,383
 
 
               
Commitments and contingencies
               
 
               
Stockholders' Equity:
               
Preferred stock, no par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued
   
-
     
-
 
Class A common stock, par value $.10 per share, 10,000,000 shares
               
    authorized; 2,174,912 shares outstanding at each date (net of
               
    1,072,769 treasury shares)
   
217
     
217
 
Class B common stock, par value $.10 per share, 30,000,000 shares
               
     authorized; shares outstanding: 9,758,652 in 2016 and 9,701,977
               
     in 2015 (net of 3,218,307 treasury shares)
   
976
     
970
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
26,476
     
24,440
 
Retained earnings
   
158,724
     
229,371
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(24,397
)
   
(21,876
)
    Total stockholders' equity
   
161,996
     
233,122
 
    Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
439,623
   
$
578,505
 
 
               
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 



BEL FUSE INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
                       
  
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
  
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
 
                       
Net sales
 
$
128,809
   
$
144,161
   
$
381,614
   
$
431,834
 
Cost of sales
   
102,234
     
116,749
     
306,273
     
349,050
 
Gross profit
   
26,575
     
27,412
     
75,341
     
82,784
 
 
                               
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
19,385
     
19,236
     
55,006
     
57,598
 
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets
   
-
     
-
     
105,972
     
-
 
Gain (loss) on sale of property, plant and equipment
   
2,099
     
(55
)
   
2,083
     
(65
)
Restructuring (credits) charges
   
(20
)
   
814
     
581
     
1,316
 
Income (loss) from operations
   
9,309
     
7,307
     
(84,135
)
   
23,805
 
 
                               
Interest expense
   
(1,538
)
   
(1,792
)
   
(5,243
)
   
(5,965
)
Interest income and other, net
   
243
     
4,278
     
466
     
4,698
 
Earnings (loss) before (benefit) provision for income taxes
   
8,014
     
9,793
     
(88,912
)
   
22,538
 
 
                               
(Benefit) provision for income taxes
   
(1,696
)
   
4,873
     
(20,701
)
   
6,236
 
Net earnings (loss) available to common stockholders
 
$
9,710
   
$
4,920
   
$
(68,211
)
 
$
16,302
 
 
                               
 
                               
Net earnings (loss) per common share:
                               
Class A common share - basic and diluted
 
$
0.78
   
$
0.39
   
$
(5.52
)
 
$
1.30
 
Class B common share - basic and diluted
 
$
0.82
   
$
0.42
   
$
(5.78
)
 
$
1.39
 
 
                               
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding:
                               
Class A common share - basic and diluted
   
2,175
     
2,175
     
2,175
     
2,175
 
Class B common share - basic and diluted
   
9,760
     
9,719
     
9,730
     
9,694
 
 
                               
Dividends paid per common share:
                               
Class A common share
 
$
0.06
   
$
0.06
   
$
0.18
   
$
0.18
 
Class B common share
 
$
0.07
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.21
   
$
0.21
 
 
                               
 
                               
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

 
BEL FUSE INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
                       
  
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
  
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
 
                       
Net earnings (loss) available to common stockholders
 
$
9,710
   
$
4,920
   
$
(68,211
)
 
$
16,302
 
 
                               
Other comprehensive income (loss):
                               
Currency translation adjustment, net of taxes of ($111) in the three months
                               
ended September 30, 2016, $0 in the three months ended September 30, 2015, ($456) in
                         
the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and ($194) in the nine months ended
                         
  September 30, 2015
   
(156
)
   
(1,439
)
   
(3,199
)
   
(8,240
)
Increase (decrease) in unrealized gains on marketable securities arising during the period,
                               
net of taxes of $15 in the three months ended September 30, 2016, ($54) in the
                         
three months ended September 30, 2015, $74 in the nine months ended September 30,
                         
2016 and ($39) in the nine months ended September 30, 2015
   
14
     
(89
)
   
112
     
(64
)
Change in unfunded SERP liability, net of taxes of $32 in the three months
                               
ended September 30, 2016, $28 in the three months ended September 30, 2015, $136 in
                         
the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and $84 in the nine months ended
                               
September 30, 2015
   
65
     
63
     
566
     
191
 
Other comprehensive loss
   
(77
)
   
(1,465
)
   
(2,521
)
   
(8,113
)
 
                               
Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
9,633
   
$
3,455
   
$
(70,732
)
 
$
8,189
 
 
                               
 
                               
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 



BEL FUSE INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
(unaudited)
 
  
 
Nine Months Ended
 
  
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
 
           
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net (loss) earnings
 
$
(68,211
)
 
$
16,302
 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) earnings to net
               
 cash provided by operating activities:
               
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets
   
105,972
     
-
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
16,370
     
17,124
 
Stock-based compensation
   
2,039
     
2,128
 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
   
1,467
     
1,130
 
Deferred income taxes
   
(8,115
)
   
783
 
Net unrealized gains on foreign currency revaluation
   
(366
)
   
(5,639
)
(Gain) loss on sale/disposal of property, plant and equipment
   
(2,025
)
   
235
 
Other, net
   
364
     
1,017
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable, net
   
1,785
     
5,888
 
Inventories
   
1,312
     
7,535
 
Account payable
   
(2,730
)
   
(8,898
)
Accrued expenses
   
(3,508
)
   
1,555
 
Other operating assets/liabilities, net
   
(17,564
)
   
5,575
 
      Net cash provided by operating activities
   
26,790
     
44,735
 
 
               
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
   
(5,590
)
   
(8,317
)
Purchase of company-owned life insurance (COLI)
   
(2,164
)
   
(2,820
)
Sale of SERP investments
   
2,164
     
2,820
 
Proceeds from disposal/sale of property, plant and equipment
   
2,129
     
31
 
       Net cash used in investing activities
   
(3,461
)
   
(8,286
)
 
               
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Repayments of long-term debt
   
(37,577
)
   
(18,406
)
Dividends paid to common stockholders
   
(2,314
)
   
(2,295
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
   
(718
)
   
(15
)
Borrowings under revolving credit line
   
-
     
5,500
 
Repayments of revolving credit line
   
-
     
(22,000
)
Reduction in notes payable
   
(115
)
   
(101
)
       Net cash used in financing activities
   
(40,724
)
   
(37,317
)
 
               
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
(630
)
   
22
 
 
               
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   
(18,025
)
   
(846
)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
   
85,040
     
77,138
 
Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
 
$
67,015
   
$
76,292
 
 
               
 
               
Supplementary information:
               
Cash paid during the period for:
               
    Income tax payments, net of refunds received
 
$
1,459
   
$
1,731
 
    Interest payments
 
$
3,776
   
$
4,844
 
 
               
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

BEL FUSE INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The condensed consolidated balance sheets, statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss) and cash flows for the periods presented herein have been prepared by the Company and are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for all periods presented have been made.  The results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.  These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Bel Fuse Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

Certain information and footnote disclosures required under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") have been condensed or omitted from the following condensed consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations, including the interim reporting requirements, of the SEC.  The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and the disclosure of contingent amounts in our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

The Company's significant accounting policies are summarized in Note 1 of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.  There were no significant changes to these accounting policies during the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

All amounts included in the tables to these notes to condensed consolidated financial statements, except per share amounts, are in thousands.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In June 2014, the FASB issued guidance on stock compensation.  The amendment requires that a performance target that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as a performance condition.  A reporting entity should apply existing guidance in Topic 718 as it relates to awards with performance conditions that affect vesting to account for such awards.  Compensation cost should be recognized in the period in which it becomes probable that the performance target will be achieved and should represent the compensation cost attributable to the period(s) for which the requisite service has already been rendered.  This guidance was adopted by the Company effective January 1, 2016 and it did not have any impact on the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations.

In January 2015, the FASB issued guidance on simplifying the income statement presentation by eliminating the concept of extraordinary items.  Extraordinary items are events and transactions that are distinguished by their unusual nature and by the infrequency of their occurrence.  Eliminating the extraordinary classification simplifies income statement presentation by altogether removing the concept of extraordinary items from consideration.  This guidance was adopted by the Company effective January 1, 2016 and it did not have any impact on the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations.

In April 2015, the FASB issued guidance on simplifying the balance sheet presentation of debt issuance costs. The update requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of being presented as an asset. Debt disclosures will include the face amount of the debt liability and the effective interest rate. In August 2015, the FASB amended this guidance for debt issuance costs associated with line-of-credit arrangements to reflect that the SEC would not object to the deferral and presentation of debt issuance costs as an asset and subsequent amortization of debt issuance costs over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, whether or not there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement.  The update requires retrospective application and represents a change in accounting principle. This guidance was adopted by the Company effective January 1, 2016 and it was applied retrospectively for all prior periods.  At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, deferred financing costs totaling $2.9 million and $3.6 million, respectively, which were previously included in other assets, are reflected as a reduction in the carrying value of the Company's long-term debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

In September 2015, the FASB issued guidance which simplifies the accounting for measurement period adjustments related to business combinations, which eliminates the requirement for an acquirer in a business combination to account for measurement period adjustments retrospectively.  Under this guidance, acquirers must recognize measurement period adjustments in the period in which they determine the amounts, including the effect on earnings of any amount they would have recorded in previous periods if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date.  This guidance was adopted by the Company effective January 1, 2016.  Measurement period adjustments of any future acquisitions will be accounted for under this new guidance.

In November 2015, the FASB issued guidance which requires entities to present deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities as noncurrent on the consolidated balance sheet.  The guidance simplifies the current guidance, which requires entities to separately present deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities as current and noncurrent on the consolidated balance sheet.  This guidance may be applied either prospectively or retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted.  The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2016 and it was applied retrospectively for all prior periods.  The following table summarizes the adjustments made to conform prior period classifications to the new guidance:


 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
As Reported
   
Reclass
   
Revised
 
 
                 
Other current assets
 
$
15,636
   
$
(4,983
)
 
$
10,653
 
Long-term deferred income tax assets
   
3,321
     
117
     
3,438
 
Other current liabilities
   
(9,133
)
   
174
     
(8,959
)
Long-term deferred income tax liabilities
   
(13,002
)
   
4,692
     
(8,310
)


Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted

In March 2016, the FASB issued guidance to simplify the accounting for share-based payment transactions including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statements of cash flows.  Under the new guidance, all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies (including tax benefits of dividends on share-based payment awards) should be recognized as income tax expense or benefit on the statements of operations. Under current GAAP, excess tax benefits are recognized in additional paid-in capital while tax deficiencies are recognized either as an offset to accumulated excess tax benefits, if any, or on the statements of operations.  The new accounting guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016.  Early adoption is permitted in any interim or annual period. Certain provisions require retrospective/modified retrospective transition while others are to be applied prospectively. Management is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance to provide a new comprehensive model for lease accounting.  Under this guidance, lessees and lessors should apply a "right-of-use" model in accounting for all leases (including subleases) and eliminate the concept of operating leases and off-balance sheet leases.  This guidance is effective for annual periods and interim periods within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018.  Early adoption is permitted.  Management is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In July 2015, the FASB issued guidance which requires entities to measure most inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value, thereby simplifying the current guidance under which an entity must measure inventory at the lower of cost or market.  The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods therein.  Early application is permitted.  Management is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on the Company's consolidated financial statements, if any.

In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance on the presentation of financial statements when there is substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern. The amendment requires that an entity's management evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. If conditions or events raise substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern, additional disclosure is required to enable users of the financial statements to understand the conditions or events, management's evaluation of the significance of those conditions and events and management's plans that are intended to alleviate or management's plans that have alleviated substantial doubt. The amendment is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. Management does not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have any material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations.

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance on the accounting for revenue from contracts with customers that will supersede most existing revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The underlying principle is that an entity will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. Other major provisions include capitalization of certain contract costs, consideration of time value of money in the transaction price, and allowing estimates of variable consideration to be recognized before contingencies are resolved in certain circumstances. The guidance also requires enhanced disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from an entity's contracts with customers. In March 2016, the FASB amended the initial guidance to clarify the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations.  In April 2016, the FASB amended the initial guidance to clarify the identification of performance conditions and the licensing implementation guidance.  In May 2016, the FASB amended the guidance on collectability, noncash consideration, presentation of sales tax and transition in the new standard. The guidance is effective for the interim and annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017 (early adoption is permitted as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within those annual periods). The guidance permits the use of either a retrospective or cumulative effect transition method.  Management is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on the Company's consolidated financial statements, if any, including which transition method it will adopt.

2.
NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net earnings (loss) per common share under the two-class method for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015:


  
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
  
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
 
                       
Numerator:
                       
Net earnings (loss)
 
$
9,710
   
$
4,920
   
$
(68,211
)
 
$
16,302
 
Less dividends declared:
                               
     Class A common shares
   
131
     
130
     
392
     
391
 
     Class B common shares
   
683
     
681
     
2,044
     
2,041
 
Undistributed earnings (loss)
 
$
8,896
   
$
4,109
   
$
(70,647
)
 
$
13,870
 
 
                               
Undistributed earnings (loss) allocation - basic and diluted:
                         
     Class A undistributed earnings (loss)
 
$
1,557
   
$
722
   
$
(12,400
)
 
$
2,442
 
     Class B undistributed earnings (loss)
   
7,339
     
3,387
     
(58,247
)
   
11,428
 
     Total undistributed earnings (loss)
 
$
8,896
   
$
4,109
   
$
(70,647
)
 
$
13,870
 
 
                               
Net earnings (loss) allocation - basic and diluted:
                               
     Class A net earnings (loss)
 
$
1,688
   
$
852
   
$
(12,008
)
 
$
2,833
 
     Class B net earnings (loss)
   
8,022
     
4,068
     
(56,203
)
   
13,469
 
     Net earnings (loss)
 
$
9,710
   
$
4,920
   
$
(68,211
)
 
$
16,302
 
 
                               
Denominator:
                               
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
                               
     Class A - basic and diluted
   
2,175
     
2,175
     
2,175
     
2,175
 
     Class B - basic and diluted
   
9,760
     
9,719
     
9,730
     
9,694
 
 
                               
Net earnings (loss) per share:
                               
     Class A - basic and diluted
 
$
0.78
   
$
0.39
   
$
(5.52
)
 
$
1.30
 
     Class B - basic and diluted
 
$
0.82
   
$
0.42
   
$
(5.78
)
 
$
1.39
 



3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as an exit price, representing the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants based upon the best use of the asset or liability at the measurement date.  Entities are required to use a fair value hierarchy which maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.  There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1 – Observable inputs such as quoted market prices in active markets;

Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs about which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company held certain financial assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis.  These consisted of securities that are among the Company's investments in a rabbi trust which are intended to fund the Company's Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan ("SERP") obligations.  The securities that are held in the rabbi trust are categorized as available-for-sale securities and are included as other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.  The gross unrealized gains associated with the investment securities held in the rabbi trust were $0.9 million and $0.7 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.  Such unrealized gains are included, net of tax, in accumulated other comprehensive loss.

As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, our available-for-sale securities, which primarily consist of investments held in a rabbi trust of $1.7 million and $3.6 million, respectively, are measured at fair value using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1) inputs.  The Company does not have any financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis categorized as Level 3, and there were no transfers in or out of Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 or September 30, 2015.  There were no changes to the Company's valuation techniques used to measure asset fair values on a recurring or nonrecurring basis during the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

There were no financial assets accounted for at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of September 30, 2016 or December 31, 2015.

The Company has other financial instruments, such as cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes payable, which are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis but are recorded at amounts that approximate fair value due to their liquid or short-term nature.  The fair value of the Company's long-term debt is estimated using a discounted cash flow method based on interest rates that are currently available for debt issuances with similar terms and maturities (Level 2 inputs).  At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the estimated fair value of long-term debt was $150.2 million and $188.1 million, respectively, compared to a carrying amount of $146.7 million and $183.5 million, respectively. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the carrying value of the debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheet is reflected net of $2.9 million and $3.6 million, respectively, of deferred financing costs as a result of the adoption of new accounting guidance effective January 1, 2016 (see Note 1).  The Company did not have any other financial liabilities within the scope of the fair value disclosure requirements as of September 30, 2016.

Nonfinancial assets and liabilities, such as goodwill and long-lived assets, are accounted for at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.   These items are tested for impairment upon the occurrence of a triggering event.  We review goodwill for impairment on a reporting unit basis annually during the fourth quarter of each year and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable.  While there were signs of potential improvement at year-end, the Company's actual revenue stream for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was significantly lower than the financial projections utilized in the annual goodwill impairment analysis (performed as of October 1, 2015), and was not projected to rebound to those levels in 2016.  The Company determined that current business conditions, and the resulting decrease in the Company's projected undiscounted and discounted cash flows, constituted a triggering event, which required the Company to perform interim impairment tests related to its long-lived assets and goodwill during the first quarter of 2016.  The Company's interim test on its long-lived assets indicated that the carrying value of its long-lived assets was recoverable and that no impairment existed as of the March 31, 2016 testing date.

The Company's Level 3 fair value analysis related to the interim test for goodwill impairment was supported by a weighting of two generally accepted valuation approaches, the income approach and the market approach, as further described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.  These approaches include numerous assumptions with respect to future circumstances, such as industry and/or local market conditions, which might directly impact each of the reporting units' operations in the future, and are therefore uncertain.  These approaches are utilized to develop a range of fair values and a weighted average of these approaches is utilized to determine the best fair value estimate within that range.

Detailed below is a table of key underlying assumptions utilized in the fair value estimate calculation for the interim test performed as of March 31, 2016 as compared to those assumptions utilized during the annual valuation performed as of October 1, 2015.  Assumptions may vary by reporting unit.  The table below shows the range of assumptions utilized across the various reporting units.


  
 
Goodwill Impairment Analysis
 
  
 
Key Assumptions
 
  
 
2016 - Interim
   
2015 - Annual
 
 
           
Income Approach - Discounted Cash Flows (a):
           
Revenue 5-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR)
   
(9.0%) - (0.6%)
 
   
2.6% - 2.7%
 
2016 EBITDA margins (b)
   
5.1% - 6.6%
 
   
7.2% - 8.4%
 
Cost of equity capital
   
11.6% - 14.7%
 
   
12.3% - 16.5%
 
Cost of debt capital
   
3.6% - 8.5%
 
   
2.4% - 5.9%
 
Weighted average cost of capital
   
10.0% - 14.0%
 
   
11.0% - 15.0%
 
 
               
Market Approach - Multiples of Guideline Companies (a):
               
Net operating revenue multiples used
   
0.4 - 0.6
     
0.4 - 0.5
 
Operating EBITDA multiples used (b)
   
5.9 - 6.3
     
5.0 - 5.3
 
Invested capital control premium
   
25%
 
   
25%
 
 
               
Weighting of Valuation Methods:
               
Income Approach - Discounted Cash Flows
   
75%
 
   
75%
 
Market Approach - Multiples of Guideline Companies
   
25%
 
   
25%
 
 
               
(a) Ranges noted reflect assumptions and multiples used throughout the North America, Asia and Europe reporting units
 
(b) EBITDA represents earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.  EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing EBITDA by net sales.
         


The March 31, 2016 interim impairment test related to the Company's goodwill was performed by reporting unit (North America, Asia and Europe).  The valuation test, which heavily weights future discounted cash flow projections, indicated impairment of the goodwill associated with all three of the Company's reporting units.  As a result, the Company recorded non-cash goodwill impairment charges totaling $104.3 million during the first quarter of 2016.  During the second quarter of 2016, the Company finalized its interim impairment test, which resulted in a $2.6 million reduction to the provisional impairment charge recorded during the first quarter of 2016. The Company's goodwill associated with its reporting units originated from several of Bel's prior acquisitions, primarily the Power-One Power Solutions business ("Power Solutions") acquired from ABB Ltd. in 2014 and the Connectivity Solutions business of Emerson Electric Co. ("Connectivity Solutions") acquired in 2014 (which represented $55.5 million and $55.0 million, respectively, of the carrying value of goodwill at the testing date).  The carrying value of the Company's goodwill was $121.6 million at December 31, 2015.  The remaining goodwill as of September 30, 2016 has a carrying value of $19.2 million.  See Note 4, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.

As further discussed in Note 4, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, the Company had also performed an interim impairment analysis of its indefinite-lived intangible assets as of March 31, 2016.  Detailed below is a table of key underlying assumptions utilized in the Level 3 fair value estimate calculation of the Company's trademarks for the interim test performed as of March 31, 2016 as compared to those assumptions utilized during the annual valuation performed as of October 1, 2015.  Assumptions may vary by individual trademark.  The table below shows the range of assumptions utilized across the Company's various trademarks.


 
 
Trademark Impairment Analysis
 
 
 
Key Assumptions
 
 
2016 - Interim
   
2015 - Annual
 
 
           
Revenue 5-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR)
   
(0.4%) - 2.7%
 
   
0.2% - 4.0%
 
Estimated fair royalty rate
   
0.25% - 1.5%
 
   
0.5% - 2.0%
 
Discount rate
   
11.0% - 15.0%
 
   
12.0% - 14.0%
 




4.
GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill

The changes in the carrying value of goodwill classified by reportable operating segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 are as follows:


 
 
Total
   
North America
   
Asia
   
Europe
 
 
                       
Balance at January 1, 2016
                       
   Goodwill, gross
 
$
148,575
   
$
63,364
   
$
54,532
   
$
30,679
 
   Accumulated impairment charges
   
(26,941
)
   
(14,066
)
   
(12,875
)
   
-
 
   Goodwill, net
   
121,634
     
49,298
     
41,657
     
30,679
 
 
                               
Impairment charge
   
(101,650
)
   
(40,408
)
   
(41,633
)
   
(19,609
)
Foreign currency translation
   
(817
)
   
-
     
(24
)
   
(793
)
 
                               
Balance at September 30, 2016:
                               
   Goodwill, gross
   
147,758
     
63,364
     
54,508
     
29,886
 
   Accumulated impairment charges
   
(128,591
)
   
(54,474
)
   
(54,508
)
   
(19,609
)
   Goodwill, net
 
$
19,167
   
$
8,890
   
$
-
   
$
10,277
 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value assigned to the net tangible and other intangible assets acquired in a business acquisition.  As discussed in Note 3, Fair Value Measurements, goodwill is reviewed for impairment on a reporting unit basis annually during the fourth quarter of each year and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable.  The goodwill impairment test involves a two-step process.  In the first step, the fair value of each reporting unit is compared to its carrying value.  If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, goodwill is not impaired and no further testing is required.  If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value, the second step of the impairment test must be performed to measure the amount of impairment loss.  In the second step, the reporting unit's fair value is allocated to all of the assets and liabilities of the reporting unit, including any unrecognized intangible assets, in a hypothetical analysis that calculates the implied fair value of goodwill in the same manner as if the reporting unit was being acquired in a business combination.  If the implied fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill is less than the carrying value, the difference is recorded as an impairment loss and a reduction to goodwill.

During the first quarter of 2016, management determined that sufficient indicators of potential impairment existed to require an interim goodwill impairment analysis for all of the Company's reporting units.  These indicators included the recent business performance of those reporting units, combined with the long-term market conditions and business trends within the reporting units.

The methods and assumptions utilized in determining the preliminary fair value of the three reporting units at the interim testing date are detailed in Note 3, Fair Value Measurements.  Due to the complexity and the effort required to estimate the fair value of the reporting units in step one of the impairment test and to estimate the fair value of all assets and liabilities of the reporting units in the second step of the test, the fair value estimates at March 31, 2016 were derived based on preliminary assumptions and analyses that were subject to change.  Based on our preliminary analyses, the implied fair value of goodwill was substantially lower than the carrying value of goodwill for all three of the reporting units.  As a result, the Company recorded its best estimate of $104.3 million for the non-cash goodwill impairment charge in the three months ended March 31, 2016, which is included in impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.  The Company finalized its measurement of the goodwill impairment charge during the second quarter of 2016, which resulted in a $2.6 million reduction to the non-cash charge recorded during the first quarter of 2016.  The reduction to the charge was primarily due to the finalization of estimates and assumptions used in the determination of the unrecognized intangible assets included in the second step of the goodwill impairment test.

As of September 30, 2016, we did not identify any changes in circumstances that would indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable.

Other Intangible Assets

Other intangible assets include patents, technology, license agreements, non-compete agreements and trademarks.  Trademarks have indefinite lives and are reviewed for impairment on an annual basis.  Other intangible assets, excluding trademarks, are being amortized over their remaining useful lives of 1 to 18 years.

The Company tests indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment using a fair value approach, the relief-from-royalty method (a form of the income approach).  At December 31, 2015, the Company's indefinite-lived intangible assets related to the trademarks acquired in the Power Solutions, Connectivity Solutions, Cinch and Fibreco acquisitions.  During the first quarter of 2016, management determined that sufficient indicators of potential impairment also existed to require an interim impairment review of our trademarks.  Based on the Company's preliminary analysis, the fair values of all of the Company's trademarks were lower than the respective carrying values.  As a result, the Company recorded a non-cash impairment of $4.3 million which is included in impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets on the condensed consolidated statements of operations in the three months ended March 31, 2016.  The Company finalized its measurement of the impairment charge related to its trademarks during the second quarter of 2016, resulting in no adjustment to the amount previously recorded during the first quarter of 2016.

The components of intangible assets other than goodwill are as follows:


 
 
September 30, 2016
   
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
Gross Carrying
   
Accumulated
   
Net Carrying
   
Gross Carrying
   
Accumulated
   
Net Carrying
 
 
 
Amount
   
Amortization
   
Amount
   
Amount
   
Amortization
   
Amount
 
 
                                   
Patents, licenses and technology
 
$
38,997
   
$
10,482
   
$
28,515
   
$
39,388
   
$
7,932
   
$
31,456
 
Customer relationships
   
44,345
     
7,721
     
36,624
     
44,894
     
5,735
     
39,159
 
Non-compete agreements
   
2,694
     
2,278
     
416
     
2,753
     
1,838
     
915
 
Trademarks
   
11,804
     
41
     
11,763
     
16,338
     
41
     
16,297
 
 
                                               
 
 
$
97,840
   
$
20,522
   
$
77,318
   
$
103,373
   
$
15,546
   
$
87,827
 


Amortization expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $1.7 million and $1.8 million, respectively.  Amortization expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $5.3 million in each period.

5. INVENTORIES

The components of inventories are as follows:


 
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
Raw materials
 
$
41,753
   
$
42,036
 
Work in progress
   
18,912
     
16,908
 
Finished goods
   
35,679
     
39,566
 
Inventories
 
$
96,344
   
$
98,510
 


6.
 PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment consist of the following:

 
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
Land
 
$
2,245
   
$
2,240
 
Buildings and improvements
   
30,833
     
29,346
 
Machinery and equipment
   
120,572
     
116,921
 
Construction in progress
   
3,098
     
4,949
 
 
   
156,748
     
153,456
 
Accumulated depreciation
   
(104,675
)
   
(95,845
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
$
52,073
   
$
57,611
 


In July 2016, the Company closed on the sale of a property in Hong Kong which had a net book value of less than $0.1 million.  The consideration received related to this sale was $2.1 million.  The Company recorded a gain on sale related to this property of $2.1 million during the third quarter of 2016.

Depreciation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $3.7 million and $3.8 million, respectively.  Depreciation expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $11.1 million and $11.9 million, respectively.  The nine months September 30, 2015 depreciation expense includes adjustments related to the finalization of purchase accounting.


7. ACCRUED EXPENSES

Accrued expenses consist of the following:

 
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
Sales commissions
 
$
2,294
   
$
2,824
 
Subcontracting labor
   
1,420
     
1,942
 
Salaries, bonuses and related benefits
   
20,821
     
15,672
 
Warranty accrual
   
2,369
     
3,659
 
Other
   
7,750
     
14,226
 
 
 
$
34,654
   
$
38,323
 


A tabular presentation of the activity within the warranty accrual account for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 is presented below:


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
Balance, January 1,
 
$
3,659
   
$
6,032
 
Charges and costs accrued
   
142
     
2,583
 
Adjustments related to pre-existing warranties
               
(including changes in estimates)
   
(981
)
   
(1,129
)
Less repair costs incurred
   
(433
)
   
(2,613
)
Less cash settlements
   
-
     
(1,000
)
Foreign currency translation
   
(18
)
   
(74
)
Balance, September 30,
 
$
2,369
   
$
3,799
 



8.
 DEBT

The Company has a Credit and Security Agreement with KeyBank National Association (as amended, the "CSA").  The CSA consists of (i) a term loan, with outstanding borrowings of $146.7 million and $187.2 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively and (ii) a $50 million revolving credit facility ("Revolver"), with no outstanding borrowings at September 30, 2016 or December 31, 2015.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company made $37.6 million of debt repayments. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the carrying value of the debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheet is reflected net of $2.9 million and $3.6 million, respectively, of deferred financing costs as a result of the adoption of accounting guidance effective January 1, 2016.  See Note 1, Basis of Presentation and Accounting Policies.
The weighted-average interest rate in effect was 2.81% at September 30, 2016 and 3.19% at December 31, 2015 and consisted of LIBOR plus the Company's credit spread, as determined per the terms of the CSA.  The Company incurred $1.5 million and $1.8 million of interest expense during the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $5.2 million and $6.0 million of interest expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
The CSA contains customary representations and warranties, covenants and events of default and financial covenants that measure (i) the ratio of the Company's total funded indebtedness, on a consolidated basis, to the amount of the Company's consolidated EBITDA, as defined, ("Leverage Ratio") and (ii) the ratio of the amount of the Company's consolidated EBITDA to the Company's consolidated fixed charges. If an event of default occurs, the lenders under the CSA would be entitled to take various actions, including the acceleration of amounts due thereunder and all actions permitted to be taken by a secured creditor.  At September 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with its debt covenants, including its most restrictive covenant, the Leverage Ratio.

In March 2016, the Company amended the terms of the CSA to modify (i) the date by which the Company was obligated to make excess cash flow prepayments in 2016 on account of excess cash flow achieved for fiscal year 2015, (ii) the method of application of mandatory and voluntary prepayments related to the Company's loans, and (iii) the maximum Leverage Ratio of the Company allowed under the CSA for the period from the effective date of the amendment through September 2017.  The Company paid $0.7 million of fees in connection with this amendment to the CSA, which are being amortized over the remaining term of the agreement.

9.  INCOME TAXES

The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states and foreign jurisdictions.  The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations by tax authorities for years before 2012 and for state examinations before 2009.   Regarding foreign subsidiaries, the Company is no longer subject to examination by tax authorities for years before 2005 in Asia and generally 2008 in Europe.  At December 31, 2015, the Company was under examination by the taxing authorities in Germany for the tax years 2011 through 2013.  This audit concluded in April 2016 and resulted in an immaterial amount of incremental tax expense.

As a result of the expiration of the statute of limitations for specific jurisdictions, it is reasonably possible that the related unrecognized benefits for tax positions taken regarding previously filed tax returns may change materially from those recorded as liabilities for uncertain tax positions in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements at September 30, 2016.  The Company's liabilities for uncertain tax positions totaled $27.7 million and $42.2 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, of which $2.3 million and $1.9 million, respectively, is included in other current liabilities.  These amounts, if recognized, would reduce the Company's effective tax rate.  As of September 30, 2016, approximately $2.3 million of the Company's liabilities for uncertain tax positions are expected to be resolved during the next twelve months by way of settlement or expiration of the related statute of limitations.

In connection with the acquisition of the Power Solutions business in 2014, the Company acquired a liability for additional uncertain tax positions related to various tax matters for the years 2007 through 2013.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, a portion of these tax matters was resolved with the taxing authorities which resulted in a reduction of $13.9 million in the liability for uncertain tax positions, of which $11.1 million related to interest and penalties. The Company is actively pursuing resolution of the remaining tax matters.  From the date of acquisition through September 30, 2016, the Company has recorded $4.1 million of interest and penalties pertaining to this issue, of which $2.6 million was reversed during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 in relation to the settlement of the exposure.  The Company will continue to accrue approximately $0.7 million annually until the issues are resolved.

The Company's policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits arising from uncertain tax positions as a component of the current provision for income taxes.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized $0.8 million and $2.1 million, respectively, in interest and penalties in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized a benefit of $3.1 million and an immaterial amount, respectively, for the reversal of such interest and penalties.  The Company has approximately $1.7 million and $4.0 million, accrued for the payment of such interest and penalties at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, which is included in both other current liabilities and liability for uncertain tax positions in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The Company continues to monitor proposed legislation affecting the taxation of transfers of U.S. intangible property and other potential tax law changes.

10. RETIREMENT FUND AND PROFIT SHARING PLAN

The Company maintains the Bel Fuse Inc. Employees' Savings Plan, a defined contribution plan that is intended to meet the applicable requirements for tax-qualification under sections 401(a) and (k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). The expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 amounted to $0.3 million in both periods. The expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 amounted to $0.8 million and $0.9 million, respectively.  As of September 30, 2016, the plan owned 13,928 and 164,462 shares of Bel Fuse Inc. Class A and Class B common stock, respectively.

The Company's subsidiaries in Asia have a retirement fund covering substantially all of their Hong Kong based full-time employees.  The expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 amounted to $0.1 million in both periods and the expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 amounted to $0.2 million in both periods. As of September 30, 2016, the plan owned 3,323 and 17,342 shares of Bel Fuse Inc. Class A and Class B common stock, respectively.

The Company maintains a SERP, which is designed to provide a limited group of key management and other key employees of the Company with supplemental retirement and death benefits.  As discussed in Note 3 above, the Company has investments in a rabbi trust which are intended to fund the obligations of the SERP.


The components of SERP expense are as follows:


 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Service cost
 
$
148
   
$
138
   
$
445
   
$
414
 
Interest cost
   
165
     
142
     
494
     
425
 
Net amortization
   
98
     
92
     
293
     
275
 
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
411
   
$
372
   
$
1,232
   
$
1,114
 

The following amounts are recognized net of tax in accumulated other comprehensive loss:


 
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
Prior service cost
 
$
730
   
$
866
 
Net loss
   
2,900
     
3,465
 
 
 
$
3,630
   
$
4,331
 


11. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are summarized below:


 
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
 
 
           
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of taxes of ($792) at
           
  September 30, 2016 and ($336) at December 31, 2015
 
$
(22,504
)
 
$
(19,305
)
Unrealized holding gains on available-for-sale securities, net of taxes of
               
  $339 at September 30, 2016 and $265 at December 31, 2015
   
546
     
434
 
Unfunded SERP liability, net of taxes of ($1,191) at September 30, 2016
               
  and ($1,327) at December 31, 2015
   
(2,439
)
   
(3,005
)
 
               
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
$
(24,397
)
 
$
(21,876
)

Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 are as follows.  All amounts are net of tax.

 
       
Unrealized Holding
       
 
     
 
 
Foreign Currency
   
Gains on
       
 
     
 
 
Translation
   
Available-for-
   
Unfunded
 
 
     
 
 
Adjustment
   
Sale Securities
   
SERP Liability
 
 
 
Total
 
 
                 
 
     
Balance at January 1, 2016
 
$
(19,305
)
 
$
434
   
$
(3,005
)
 
 
$
(21,876
)
     Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
   
(3,199
)
   
112
     
369
 
 
   
(2,718
)
     Amount reclassified from accumulated other
                       
 
       
          comprehensive loss
   
-
     
-
     
197
 
 (a)
   
197
 
     Net current period other comprehensive (loss) income
   
(3,199
)
   
112
     
566
 
 
   
(2,521
)
 
                       
 
       
Balance at September 30, 2016
 
$
(22,504
)
 
$
546
   
$
(2,439
)
 
 
$
(24,397
)
 
                       
 
       
(a) This reclassification relates to the amortization of prior service costs and gains/losses associated with the Company's SERP plan.
 
 
       
This expense is allocated between cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expense based upon the employment
 
 
       
      classification of the plan participants.
                       
 
       

12. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Legal Proceedings

The Company is party to a number of legal actions and claims, none of which individually or in the aggregate, in the opinion of management, are expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated results of operations or financial position.

In connection with the acquisition of Power Solutions, there is an ongoing claim by the Arezzo Revenue Agency in Italy concerning certain tax matters related to what was then Power-One Asia Pacific Electronics Shenzhen Co. Ltd. (now Bel Power Solutions Asia Pacific Electronics Shenzhen Co. Ltd, or "BPS China") for the years 2004 to 2006.  In September 2012, the Tax Court of Arezzo ruled in favor of BPS China and cancelled the claim.  In February 2013, the Arezzo Revenue Agency filed an appeal of the Tax Court's ruling. The hearing of the appeal was held on October 2, 2014.  On October 13, 2014, BPS China was informed of the Regional Tax Commission of Florence ruling which was in favor of the Arezzo Revenue Agency and against BPS China.  The estimated liability related to this matter is approximately $12.0 million and has been included as a liability for uncertain tax positions on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.  As Bel is fully indemnified in this matter per the terms of the stock purchase agreement with ABB Ltd., a corresponding other asset for indemnification is also included in other assets on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

In 2015, the Company was provided notice of a potential patent infringement claim by Setec Netzwerke AG ("Setec"), a German company, for the alleged infringement of their patent EP 306 934 B1.  Setec subsequently filed a lawsuit against the Company and three of its subsidiaries in Dusseldorf, Germany on January 29, 2016 for patent infringement.  The Company filed its defense to Setec's complaint and a nullity lawsuit against Setec's patent on August 31, 2016.  The Court hearing on infringement is currently scheduled for March 23, 2017.  The Company does not have enough information at this time in order to make any further conclusions or assessments as to infringement or potential damages.

The Company is not a party to any other legal proceeding, the adverse outcome of which is likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company's condensed consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

13.  SEGMENTS

The Company operates in one industry with three reportable operating segments, which are geographic in nature.  The segments consist of North America, Asia and Europe.  The primary criteria by which financial performance is evaluated and resources are allocated are net sales and income from operations.  The following is a summary of key financial data:


 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Net Sales to External Customers:
                   
    North America
 
$
63,305
   
$
77,912
   
$
196,955
   
$
231,176
 
    Asia
   
47,188
     
48,320
     
126,673
     
142,451
 
    Europe
   
18,316
     
17,929
     
57,986
     
58,207
 
 
 
$
128,809
   
$
144,161
   
$
381,614
   
$
431,834
 
 
                               
Net Sales:
                               
North America
 
$
66,503
   
$
81,483
   
$
206,232
   
$
252,991
 
Asia
   
71,334
     
74,235
     
197,952
     
227,574
 
Europe
   
21,417
     
38,479
     
67,222
     
121,983
 
Less intercompany net sales
   
(30,445
)
   
(50,036
)
   
(89,792
)
   
(170,714
)
 
 
$
128,809
   
$
144,161
   
$
381,614
   
$
431,834
 
 
                               
Income (Loss) from Operations:
                               
North America
 
$
693
   
$
5,777
   
$
(41,103
)
 
$
8,031
 
Asia
   
8,332
     
1,441
     
(25,026
)
   
7,154
 
Europe
   
284
     
89
     
(18,006
)
   
8,620
 
 
 
$
9,309
   
$
7,307
   
$
(84,135
)
 
$
23,805
 
 
                               
 
                               
 
 
September 30,
   
December 31,
                 
 
   
2016
     
2015
                 
Total Assets:
                               
North America
 
$
171,706
   
$
238,930
                 
Asia
   
169,968
     
231,063
                 
Europe
   
97,949
     
108,512
                 
 
 
$
439,623
   
$
578,505
                 


Net Sales – Segment net sales are attributed to individual segments based on the geographic source of the billing for such customer sales.  Intercompany sales include finished products manufactured in foreign countries which are then transferred to the United States and Europe for sale; finished goods manufactured in the United States which are transferred to Europe and Asia for sale; and semi-finished components manufactured in the United States which are sold to Asia for further processing.

Income from operations represents net sales less operating costs and expenses and does not include any amounts related to intercompany transactions.

The following items are included in the segment data presented above:

Impairment Charges – As discussed in Note 4, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, the Company recorded a $106.0 million non-cash impairment charge related to its goodwill and trademarks during the first half of 2016.  Of this charge, $44.0 million was recorded in the Company's North America operating segment, $41.7 million was recorded in its Asia operating segment and $20.3 million was recorded in its Europe operating segment.  These charges impacted the Company's income from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and the reduction in goodwill accounted for the majority of the decline in total assets from December 31, 2015 noted above.

14. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

In connection with its acquisition of Power Solutions, the Company acquired a 49% interest in a joint venture in the People's Republic of China ("PRC").  The joint venture may purchase raw components and other goods from the Company and may sell finished goods to the Company as well as to other third parties.  The Company purchased $1.5 million of inventory from the joint venture during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.  The Company did not purchase any inventory from the joint venture during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2016 or during the three months ended September 30, 2015.  At September 30, 2016, the Company owed the joint venture approximately $0.5 million, which is included in accounts payable on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet.




Item 2.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The information in this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A") should be read in conjunction with the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes set forth in Item 1 of Part I of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, our MD&A set forth in Item 7 of Part II of our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K and our consolidated financial statements and related notes set forth in Item 8 of Part II of our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. See Part II, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," below and "Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Information," above, and the information referenced therein, for a description of risks that we face and important factors that we believe could cause actual results to differ materially from those in our forward-looking statements. All amounts and percentages are approximate due to rounding and all dollars are in millions, except per share amounts or where otherwise noted. When we cross-reference to a "Note," we are referring to our "Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements," unless the context indicates otherwise.  All amounts noted within the tables are in thousands and amounts and percentages are approximate due to rounding.


Overview

Our Company

We design, manufacture and market a broad array of products that power, protect and connect electronic circuits.  These products are primarily used in the networking, telecommunications, computing, military, aerospace, transportation and broadcasting industries.  Bel's portfolio of products also finds application in the automotive, medical and consumer electronics markets.

We operate through three geographic segments:  North America, Asia and Europe.  In the nine months ended September 30, 2016, 52% of the Company's revenues were derived from North America, 33% from Asia and 15% from its Europe operating segment.  By product group, 35% of sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 related to the Company's power solutions and protection products, 34% in connectivity solutions products and 31% in magnetic products.

Our operating expenses are driven principally by the cost of labor where the factories that Bel uses are located, the cost of the materials that we use and our ability to effectively and efficiently manage overhead costs.  As labor and material costs vary by product line and region, any significant shift in product mix can have an associated impact on our costs of sales.  Costs are recorded as incurred for all products manufactured.  Such amounts are determined based upon the estimated stage of production and include labor cost and fringes and related allocations of factory overhead. Our products are manufactured at various facilities in the U.S., Mexico, Dominican Republic, England, Czech Republic, Slovakia and the PRC.

In the PRC, where we generally enter into processing arrangements with several independent third-party contractors and also have our own manufacturing facilities, the availability of labor is cyclical and is significantly affected by the migration of workers in relation to the annual Lunar New Year holiday as well as economic conditions in the PRC.  In addition, we have little visibility into the ordering habits of our customers and we can be subjected to large and unpredictable variations in demand for our products.  Accordingly, we must continually recruit and train new workers to replace those lost to attrition each year and be able to address peaks in demand that may occur from time to time.  These recruiting and training efforts and related inefficiencies, and overtime required in order to meet demand, can add volatility to the costs incurred by us for labor in the PRC.

Key Factors Affecting our Business

The Company believes the key factors affecting Bel's results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and/or future results include the following:

·
Revenues –The Company's revenues declined by $15.4 million (or 10.6%) in the third quarter of 2016 and by $50.2 million (or 11.6%) in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same periods of 2015.  The year-over-year declines in sales were primarily due to missed design cycles within the Power Solutions business and general market softness.  Sales in the third quarter of 2016 were also impacted by weak sales to distributors in the quarter, as their inventory levels were high following five consecutive quarters of growth.

·
Product Mix – Material and labor costs vary by product line and any significant shift in product mix between higher- and lower-margin product lines will have a corresponding impact on the Company's gross margin percentage.  In general, our connectivity products have the highest contribution margins, our magnetic products are more labor intensive and are therefore less profitable than the connectivity products and our power products are on the lower end of our profit margin range, due to their high material content.  Fluctuations in sales volume among our product groups will have a corresponding impact on Bel's profit margins.

·
Impairment Charges – Due to continued market weakness, the Company reviewed its goodwill and other intangible assets for impairment in the first quarter of 2016.  In connection with this analysis, we recorded a total non-cash impairment charge of $106.0 million related to our goodwill and indefinite-lived trademarks during the first half of 2016.  As of September 30, 2016, we did not identify any changes in circumstances that would indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable. The Company continues to monitor the business climate and other factors on a quarterly basis, and will be performing its annual goodwill and intangible impairment testing during the fourth quarter of 2016.

·
Restructuring – The Company continues to implement restructuring programs to increase operational efficiencies. The Company incurred $0.6 million of restructuring charges during the nine months ended September 30, 2016, with no charges incurred during the third quarter of 2016.  In October 2016, the Company announced its decision to close its manufacturing facility in Shanghai, PRC and transition the operations to other existing Bel facilities.  It is currently estimated that pre-tax restructuring charges associated with the Shanghai closure, consisting primarily of termination benefits, will be approximately $1.2 million.  We anticipate the majority of these costs will be incurred during the fourth quarter of 2016.  Annual savings of approximately $2 million are expected from this initiative once fully implemented ($1.0 million within cost of sales and $1.0 million within selling, general and administrative expenses).

·
Impact of Foreign CurrencySince we are a U.S. domiciled company, we translate our foreign currency-denominated financial results into U.S. dollars.  Due to the changes in the value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, translating our financial results and the revaluation of certain intercompany as well as third-party transactions to and from foreign currencies to U.S. dollars may result in a favorable or unfavorable impact to our condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows.  The Company monitors changes in foreign currencies and may implement pricing actions to help mitigate the impact that changes in foreign currencies may have on its consolidated operating results. The Company believes that its results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 were not materially impacted by the referendum passed by Great Britain in June 2016 to exit the European Union, or the resulting depreciation of the Great Britain pound to the U.S. dollar.  See Selling, General and Administrative Expense and Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk for further details.

·
Effective Tax Rate – The Company's effective tax rate will fluctuate based on the geographic segment in which our pretax profits are earned.  Of the geographic segments in which we operate, the U.S. has the highest tax rates; Europe's tax rates are generally lower than U.S. tax rates; and Asia has the lowest tax rates of the Company's three geographical segments.

While we continue to see general market weakness in our industry, there have been select areas of growth within our product offerings.  We saw an increase in sales of expanded beam fiber optic connectors and fuel quantity monitoring products within our connectivity solutions group this quarter, which contributed to our profit margin improvement.  For our power solutions and protection products, we anticipate that opportunities with customers that build their own datacenters and cloud computing applications will lead to improved sales within this business throughout 2017.  Our third quarter 2016 results reflect our continued ability to maintain our profit margins even during times of lower sales volumes.  The restructuring efforts that were implemented over the past two years have removed $15 million of annual fixed costs from the Company, allowing us to retain a higher percent of each incremental sales dollar as profit going forward.  The preceding discussions represent Forward-Looking Statements.  See "Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements."

Summary by Operating Segment

Net sales to external customers by operating segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:


 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
    North America
 
$
63,305
     
49
%
 
$
77,912
     
54
%
 
$
196,955
     
52
%
 
$
231,176
     
54
%
    Asia
   
47,188
     
37
%
   
48,320
     
34
%
   
126,673
     
33
%
   
142,451
     
33
%
    Europe
   
18,316
     
14
%
   
17,929
     
12
%
   
57,986
     
15
%
   
58,207
     
13
%
 
 
$
128,809
     
100
%
 
$
144,161
     
100
%
 
$
381,614
     
100
%
 
$
431,834
     
100
%


Sales in North America declined during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same periods of 2015, primarily due to reductions in power solutions and protection sales of $10.1 million and $31.8 million, respectively.  See Net Sales, Power Solutions and Protection, below.  North America sales were also impacted by lower military spending for our connectivity solutions products and reduced sales through distributors. The decline in sales in Asia noted in the table above for the three and nine month periods resulted from lower sales of DC/DC products of $1.5 million and $6.3 million, respectively, and the nine month period was also impacted by a $9.6 million reduction in customer demand for our ICM/TRP products in 2016.


Net sales and income from operations by operating segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were as follows. Segment net sales are attributed to individual segments based on the geographic source of the billing for customer sales.


 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Total segment sales:
                       
     North America
 
$
66,503
   
$
81,483
   
$
206,232
   
$
252,991
 
     Asia
   
71,334
     
74,235
     
197,952
     
227,574
 
     Europe
   
21,417
     
38,479
     
67,222
     
121,983
 
Total segment sales
   
159,254
     
194,197
     
471,406
     
602,548
 
Reconciling item:
                               
     Intersegment sales
   
(30,445
)
   
(50,036
)
   
(89,792
)
   
(170,714
)
Net sales
 
$
128,809
   
$
144,161
   
$
381,614
   
$
431,834
 
 
                               
Income from operations:
                               
    North America
 
$
693
   
$
5,777
   
$
(41,103
)
 
$
8,031
 
    Asia
   
8,332
     
1,441
     
(25,026
)
   
7,154
 
    Europe
   
284
     
89
     
(18,006
)
   
8,620
 
 
 
$
9,309
   
$
7,307
   
$
(84,135
)
 
$
23,805
 


The non-cash impairment charge recorded during the first half of 2016 related to goodwill and other intangible assets impacted all of the Company's operating segments in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2016.  See Note 4, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, for further details of this charge and Note 13, Segments, for the allocation of this charge by operating segment.  Excluding this impairment charge, income from operations by operating segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $2.9 million for North America, $16.6 million for Asia and $2.3 million for Europe.

Excluding the impairment charge, income from operations in North America was down by $5.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same period of 2015, due to the 18.5% decline in North America segment sales noted above, offset by a $3.4 million reduction of value-added tax (VAT) expenses as discussed in the Selling, General and Administrative Expense section below.  Excluding the impairment charge, Asia operating income in 2016 more than doubled from the same period of 2015, primarily due to lower sales of low-margin power solutions and protection products during 2016 versus 2015, in addition to a $1.8 million reduction of VAT expenses.  The income from operations for Europe during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 included $4.1 million of foreign exchange gains, which did not occur in 2016.

Net Sales

The Company's net sales by major product line for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:


 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Magnetic solutions
 
$
42,268
     
33
%
 
$
41,825
     
29
%
 
$
119,225
     
31
%
 
$
128,970
     
30
%
Connectivity solutions
   
41,666
     
32
%
   
47,396
     
33
%
   
130,009
     
34
%
   
138,642
     
32
%
Power solutions and protection
   
44,875
     
35
%
   
54,940
     
38
%
   
132,380
     
35
%
   
164,222
     
38
%
 
 
$
128,809
     
100
%
 
$
144,161
     
100
%
 
$
381,614
     
100
%
 
$
431,834
     
100
%

 
Magnetic Solutions:

We experienced reduced customer demand for our ICM/TRP products due to the continued weakness in the macro environment, particularly during the first half of 2016, which impacted our nine-month sales volumes noted above. This resulted in a decrease of $9.6 million in sales related to these products during the nine months ended September 30, 2016.  Sales of these products during the third quarter of 2016 remained relatively steady with sales volumes during the same quarter of 2015.


Power Solutions and Protection:

The decline in power solutions and protection products during the third quarter of 2016 as compared to the same quarter of 2015 was primarily attributable to a $8.3 million reduction in Power Solutions product sales and lower DC/DC converter product sales of $1.5 million.  Similar drivers impacted the nine-month period of 2016 noted above, with a reduction in Power Solutions product sales of $24.4 million and lower DC/DC converter sales of $6.3 million as compared to the same period of 2015.  The power solutions and protection product group was also impacted by the general market softness which has continued through the third quarter of 2016.  The Power Solutions business is still showing year over year declines as we work through the new design cycles, which we were able to enter again in mid-2015 after quality issues had been resolved.  As the design-to-market cycle for the Power Solutions business is approximately 18 months, we anticipate seeing some growth in this business in 2017.

Connectivity Solutions:

Sales declined as a result of weaker military sales and a slow quarter for sales to distributors, as their inventory levels were high following five consecutive quarters of growth.  We continued to experience general market weakness across most market segments during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 with the exception of commercial aerospace and Datacom.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 consisted of the following:


 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
 
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Material costs
   
42.1
%
   
43.9
%
   
41.8
%
   
43.6
%
Labor costs
   
10.3
%
   
10.4
%
   
10.3
%
   
10.7
%
Research and development expenses
   
5.1
%
   
4.8
%
   
5.2
%
   
4.8
%
Other expenses
   
21.9
%
   
21.9
%
   
23.0
%
   
21.7
%
   Total cost of sales
   
79.4
%
   
81.0
%
   
80.3
%
   
80.8
%


Material costs as a percentage of sales were lower during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same periods of 2015, primarily due to the decline in sales within our power solutions and protection group, as those products carry a higher material content than our other product groups.

Labor costs as a percentage of sales declined during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same period of 2015 primarily due to the reduction in sales of our labor-intensive magnetic products discussed above.

Research and development (R&D) expenses were $6.6 million and $6.9 million for the three month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $19.7 million and $20.9 million for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  The declines in R&D expenses during the 2016 periods primarily related to a decrease in overtime and premium pay, as well as lower product development expense associated with the 2016 design projects in the Power Solutions business.

The other expenses noted in the table above primarily consist of fixed cost items such as support labor and fringe benefits, depreciation and amortization, and facility costs (rent, utilities, insurance).  In total, these other expenses decreased during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 by $3.5 million and $6.3 million, respectively, as compared to the same period of 2015.  The largest factor of the decrease in fixed costs was lower utilities, rent and other overhead costs in 2016 as compared to 2015, due to facility consolidations implemented in the second half of 2015.  The increase in other expenses as a percentage of sales is a function of the lower sales base in 2016 as compared to 2015.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense ("SG&A")

SG&A expense increased by $0.1 million and decreased by $2.6 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively, as compared with the same periods of 2015.  These decreases consisted of the following:


 
 
Increase (Decrease)
 
 
 
Compared to Same Period of 2015
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30, 2016
   
September 30, 2016
 
VAT expenses
 
$
-
   
$
(5,155
)
Net foreign currency exchange gains/losses
   
949
     
5,273
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
(92
)
   
(539
)
Commissions
   
(419
)
   
(894
)
Office expenses
   
(466
)
   
(1,066
)
Salaries and fringe benefits
   
(468
)
   
199
 
Other
   
645
     
(410
)
     Total increase (decrease)
 
$
149
   
$
(2,592
)


The reduction of the VAT expenses related to settlement of a tax liability which was originally recorded during the acquisition of the Power Solutions business.  This acquired operating tax exposure was settled in full by the end of the second quarter of 2016.

The change in net foreign currency exchange gains/losses noted above for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was primarily due to the appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the euro within the Power Solutions business and changes in other foreign currencies during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, which in turn impacted the revaluation of some of the Company's intercompany loans and, to a lesser extent, intercompany receivable and payable balances, resulting in a gain of $5.6 million.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, there was a net foreign currency exchange gain of $0.4 million, resulting in the unfavorable variance of $5.3 million noted above for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company finalized the purchase price allocation adjustments related to the Power Solutions acquisition, including those related to property, plant and equipment. This resulted in an adjustment to depreciation and amortization during those periods.  Lower commissions reflect the reduced sales volume in 2016.  The decrease in office expenses was primarily due to savings from the restructuring efforts implemented during the latter half of 2015. The increase noted above for salaries and fringe expense for the nine-month period is primarily due to higher incentive compensation expenses in the 2016 periods, partially offset by savings from the 2015 restructuring efforts.  The increase in other SG&A expenses during the third quarter of 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily related to an increase in legal and professional fees of $0.3 million due to Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system assessment costs.  Other declines in SG&A during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same period of 2015 primarily relate to a reduction in legal and professional fees of $0.4 million due to the expiration of the Power Solutions information technology transition services agreement late in the first quarter of 2015 and lower acquisition-related costs of $0.4 million.

Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The Company recorded a $106.0 million non-cash impairment charge related to its goodwill and trademarks during the nine months ended September 30, 2016. See Note 3, Fair Value Measurements, and Note 4, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, for details. The impairment charge does not impact any future cash expenditures, impact liquidity, affect the ongoing business or financial performance, or impact compliance with our debt covenants.

Gain (Loss) on Sale of Property, Plant and Equipment

In July 2016, the Company closed on the sale of a property in Hong Kong which had a net book value of less than $0.1 million.  The consideration received related to this sale was $2.1 million.  The Company recorded a gain on sale related to this property of $2.1 million during the third quarter of 2016.

Interest Expense

Interest expense was $1.5 million in the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared with $1.8 million in the three months ended September 30, 2015 and was $5.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared with $6.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2015. The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to the decline in the balance of our outstanding borrowings during 2016.

Interest Income and Other, net

On June 19, 2014, the Company completed its acquisition of Power Solutions for $109.9 million, net of cash acquired.  During the second quarter of 2015, the Company finalized the valuation of the Power Solutions acquisition.  At the conclusion of the measurement period, which was one year after the acquisition date, there were certain working capital and tax related items outstanding with ABB Ltd.  The working capital item was settled with ABB Ltd. during the third quarter of 2015, which was after the conclusion of the measurement period and, as a result, the Company recognized $4.2 million of other income on the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015.

Provision for Income Taxes

The Company's effective tax rate will fluctuate based on the geographic segment in which the pretax profits are earned.  Of the geographic segments in which the Company operates, the U.S. has the highest tax rates; Europe's tax rates are generally lower than U.S. tax rates; and Asia has the lowest tax rates of the Company's three geographical segments.

The (benefit) provision for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $(1.7) million and $4.9 million, respectively.  The Company's earnings before benefit for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2016 were approximately $1.8 million lower than the same period in 2015.  The Company's effective tax rate was (21.2)% and 49.8% for the three month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  The change in the effective tax rate during the three months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same period of 2015, was primarily attributable to pre-tax losses in the North America segment during the third quarter of 2016 as compared to pre-tax income in the North America segment during the same period of 2015.

The (benefit) provision for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was ($20.7) million and $6.2 million, respectively.  The Company's loss before benefit for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was primarily attributable to the $106.0 million impairment of goodwill and intangible assets recognized in the first half of 2016.  The Company's effective tax rate was (23.3)% and 27.7% for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  The change in the effective tax rate during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to the same period of 2015, was primarily attributable to the tax effect related to the settlement of liabilities for uncertain tax positions and, to a lesser extent, the impairment of the goodwill and intangible assets.  U.S. taxes were lower during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 due to an increase in the North America segment's pre-tax loss.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary sources of cash are the collection of trade receivables generated from the sales of our products and services to our customers and amounts available under our existing lines of credit, including our credit facility. Our primary uses of cash are payments for operating expenses, investments in working capital, capital expenditures, interest, taxes, dividends, debt obligations and other long-term liabilities. We believe that our current liquidity position and future cash flows from operations will enable us to fund our operations, including all of the items mentioned above in the next twelve months.

Cash and cash equivalents held by foreign subsidiaries of the Company amounted to $58.5 million at September 30, 2016 and $67.9 million at December 31, 2015 (representing 87% and 80%, respectively, of total cash and cash equivalents at each period).  Management's intention is to permanently reinvest the earnings of its foreign subsidiaries and there are no current plans that would indicate a need to repatriate those earnings to fund the Company's U.S. operations.  In the event foreign earnings were needed to fund the Company's U.S. operations and were repatriated by way of a taxable distribution, the Company would be required to accrue and pay U.S. taxes to repatriate these funds.

Cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and accounts receivable comprised approximately 34.4% of the Company's total assets at September 30, 2016 and 29.6% of total assets at December 31, 2015. The Company's current ratio (i.e., the ratio of current assets to current liabilities) was 2.6 to 1 at September 30, 2016 and 2.3 to 1 at December 31, 2015.

On June 19, 2014, the Company entered into a senior Credit and Security Agreement ("CSA") (see Note 8, Debt, for additional details).  The CSA contains customary representations and warranties, covenants and events of default and financial covenants that measure (i) the ratio of the Company's total funded indebtedness, on a consolidated basis, to the amount of the Company's consolidated EBITDA, as defined ("Leverage Ratio"), and (ii) the ratio of the amount of the Company's consolidated EBITDA to the Company's consolidated fixed charges. If an event of default occurs, the lenders under the CSA would be entitled to take various actions, including the acceleration of amounts due thereunder and all actions permitted to be taken by a secured creditor.

In March 2016, the Company amended the terms of the CSA to modify (i) the date by which the Company was obligated to make excess cash flow prepayments in 2016 on account of excess cash flow achieved for fiscal year 2015, (ii) the method of application of mandatory and voluntary prepayments related to the Company's loans, and (iii) the maximum Leverage Ratio of the Company allowed under the CSA for the period from the effective date of the amendment through September 2017. In connection with this amendment to the CSA, the Company paid $0.7 million of deferred financing costs, and the modification to the amortization schedule resulted in $0.5 million of existing deferred financing costs to be accelerated and recorded as interest expense during the first quarter of 2016.

At September 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with its debt covenants, including its most restrictive covenant, the Leverage Ratio.  The unused credit available under the credit facility at September 30, 2016 was $50.0 million, of which we had the ability to borrow $39.8 million without violating our Leverage Ratio covenant based on the Company's existing consolidated EBITDA.


Cash Flows

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company's cash and cash equivalents decreased by $18.0 million.  This decrease was primarily due to the following:

·
repayments of long-term debt of $37.6 million; and
·
purchases of property, plant and equipment of $5.6 million; partially offset by
·
net cash provided by operations of $26.8 million.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, accounts receivable, net decreased by $1.8 million primarily due to lower sales volume in the third quarter of 2016 as compared to the fourth quarter of 2015.  Days sales outstanding (DSO) increased to 60 days at September 30, 2016 as compared to 59 days at December 31, 2015.  Inventory levels were down by $1.3 million at September 30, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015.  Inventory turns declined to 4.2 times per year at September 30, 2016 from 4.5 times per year at December 31, 2015.  The change in other operating assets/liabilities, net of $18.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was primarily due to the resolution of portions of the liability for uncertain tax positions related to various tax matters discussed in Note 9, Income Taxes.

As compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2015, cash provided by operating activities decreased $17.9 million, primarily due to the decline in sales.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015

During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company's cash and cash equivalents decreased by $0.8 million.  This decrease was primarily due to the following:

·
net repayments of revolver and long-term debt of $34.9 million;
·
purchases of property, plant and equipment of $8.3 million; and
·
payments of dividends of $2.3 million.

These items were partially offset by:
·
net cash provided by operating activities of $44.7 million, including the impact of the changes in accounts receivable and inventories described below and proceeds of $9.0 million received from the Network Power Systems sale and related transactions.

Critical Accounting Policies

Management's discussion and analysis of Bel's consolidated financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to product returns, bad debts, inventories, goodwill, intangible assets, investments, warranties, SERP expense, income taxes and contingencies and litigation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The discussion of new financial accounting standards applicable to the Company is incorporated herein by reference to Note 1 to the Company's Financial Statements, "Basis of Presentation and Accounting Policies," included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The Company is exposed to market risk primarily from changes in foreign currency exchange rates and changes in interest rates associated with its long-term debt.  There have not been any material changes with regard to market risk during the nine months ended September 30, 2016.  On June 23, 2016, a referendum was passed by Great Britain to exit the European Union.  As a result, the Great Britain pound (GBP) depreciated against the U.S. dollar (USD) by 13.8% at September 30, 2016 as compared to December 31, 2015.  The average rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 depreciated by 10.2% as compared to the average exchange rate for the same period of 2015.  The Company has two entities based in the U.K. that were impacted by the depreciation in the GBP versus the USD.  On a combined basis, these entities had sales of $16.7 million and operating income of $2.4 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016.  The impact of the depreciation of the GBP was not material to the Company's results of operations during that period. Refer to Item 7A, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 for further discussion of market risks.

Item 4.   Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures:  As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company carried out an evaluation, with the participation of the Company's management, including the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance, of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15.  Based on that evaluation, the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

Changes in internal controls over financial reporting:  There has not been any change in the Company's internal controls over financial reporting during the three months ended September 30, 2016 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.


PART II.     Other Information

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to Note 12 of the Company's Financial Statements, under "Legal Proceedings", as set forth in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We are also involved in various other legal actions incidental to our business. We believe, after consulting with counsel, that the disposition of these other legal proceedings and matters will not have a material effect on our condensed consolidated financial condition or results of operations.


Item 1A. Risk Factors

See Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. Except as required by the federal securities law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any risk factor, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.




Item 6.  Exhibits
 
   
(a) Exhibits:
 
   
   
31.1*
Certification of the President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
31.2*
Certification of the Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
 32.1**
Certification of the President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
 32.2**
Certification of the Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
101.INS*
XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
   
 
*   Filed herewith.
** Submitted herewith.

SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.



 
BEL FUSE INC.
November 7, 2016
 
By:
/s/ Daniel Bernstein
 
Daniel Bernstein
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
   
By:
/s/ Colin Dunn
 
Colin Dunn
 
Vice President of Finance and Secretary
 
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)